Creating technology to meet tomorrow’s energy needs.
Developing technologies to reduce carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants.
Engineering next-generation water treatment and separation technologies to promote water reuse and improve energy efficiency.
Exploring the commercial and technical viability of advanced coal gasification technologies, particularly how to reduce carbon emissions from these plants.
Carbon Capture Technology
Improving the efficiency and economic viability of post-combustion carbon capture technology.
Reducing Carbon Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants
While coal is the least expensive fuel for power generation, it is also the most carbon-intensive fuel source. In an increasingly carbon-constrained world, we’re working to develop new technologies to reduce the amount of CO2 released from coal-fired power plants. Traditional carbon reduction technologies require extensive equipment modifications that are often cost-prohibitive. UK CAER is exploring a novel process known as Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) as a low-cost solution to more effectively reduce CO2.
Developing More Efficient Water Treatment Technologies
In an effort to promote water reuse and decrease the energetic demands of traditional water treatment mechanisms, UK CAER is working to develop next generation separation technologies that can handle a growing list of process needs. UK CAER is currently developing modular, intensified water treatment and separation technology for flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater, enhanced water recovery (EWR) from saline aquifers at CO2 injection sites, and zeolite dewatering of various complex wastewater and process streams.
Reducing the Environmental Impact of Coal Gasification
Our 5,800 sq. foot coal/biomass to liquids (CBTL) research facility provides the scientific and industrial community with an affordable testing ground for new concepts. Our researchers evaluate the commercial and technical viability of advanced CBTL technologies. In particular, we explore the environmental considerations, including how to manage and reduce carbon dioxide emissions from these plants.
Carbon Capture Technology
Developing Cost-Effective Carbon Capture Solutions
Since starting solvent based, post-combustion CO2 capture research in 2008, UK CAER has distinguished itself and is internationally recognized as an expert in the field of post-combustion carbon capture research by demonstrating significant breakthroughs in process intensification, two-stage solvent regeneration, heat integration, and advanced solvent development. Using this four-pronged approach to lower both capital and operating expenses the cost of electricity with CO2 capture is reduced by 47%, incrementally from the standard reference case of $67/tonne CO2, to $35/tonne CO2.